Significant Examples of Ancient Roman Architecture

Rome the capital of Italy is one of the oldest and beautifully built places in the entire world. Walking through the streets of Rome will take you back to the ancient times of the Roman empire. A poet rightly describes Rome as the Eternal City considering the beauty and the advanced architecture the city has. The city has also been called the capital of the world since it is one of the pioneers of the western civilizations and metropolis.

The whole city is filled with the ancient Roman architectural marvels. Taking a walk around the city and looking at these beautiful ancient buildings is a treat not only to one’s eyes but also to the mind. If you are visiting Rome, these are some significant ancient Roman architectures you should definitely visit:

Roman Colosseum

Roman Colosseum at night

Roman Colosseum

The Roman Colosseum originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre is a beautiful oval amphitheater situated at the heart of the city of Rome. This colosseum was authorized by Emperor Vespasian who belonged to the Flavian dynasty as a gift to the people around A.D. 70-72. The work got completed in A.D. 80 and his son Titus opened the Colosseum to the public. It featured hundred days of games like gladiatorial combats and wild animal fights like bullfighting etc. The Colosseum was the largest amphitheater in the world at that time measuring about 513 feet to 620 feet in height. It could hold almost 50,000 spectators at one time who used to be seated according to the ranks during the games. Even after four decades of use and many natural calamities, the major part of the structure stands erect in all its glory. Even though two-thirds of it has been destroyed, it is one of the most visited places in Rome.

The Pantheon

The Pantheon is the best preserved Ancient Roman monument


Pantheon is yet another beautiful architectural marvel in the capital city. This church is one of the most influential buildings of the ancient Roman empire. It was initially built as a temple during the reign of Augustus in the years 27 BC to 14 AD. It was later converted to a church by emperor Hadrian in 126 AD. The structure of Pantheon is the most attractive part. The structure has a series of arches. These were used by the Romans to make their buildings stable and stronger. The large dome has an opening on the top for the light to enter in and it gives the structure a magical appearance. The building is built on a 1.3 m high base and consists of two parts, the circular main building and the porch. Both these parts are built in a classic Greek architectural style and the circular building gives an impression of the Roman baths. This 2000 years old architectural marvel attracts a number of visitors each year and is one of the most visited places in the entire Italy.


St. Duje's Cathedral and Bell Tower

St. Duje’s Cathedral and Bell Tower

Diocletian’s Palace

The Diocletian’s Palace is an ancient Roman palace building built by Emperor Diocletian. It was built around 4 century AD and even though most of it has been destroyed, but the ruins are still worth visiting. The palace is huge in size measuring over 38,700 square meters. It has been constantly repaired and reconstructed over the years but this has only added to its beauty. The palace boundary has about 220 buildings which are a home to more than three thousand people. The walk around the palace during the evening can be a life altering experience.


St. Peter's Basilica

St. Peter’s Basilica

Peter’s Basilica

The St. Peter’s Basilica is an italian renaissance church located in the Vatican City. It has been designed by some of the best architects in the Roman times namely Michelangelo, Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Carlo Maderno. The church is considered to be one of the holiest Catholic shrines. It was constructed in 1626 and has been restored and renewed a number of times ever since. It is the largest church in the world and has a nave that is 211.5 meters long. Its dome is also the largest in the world built at the height of 132.5 meters. The interior of the cathedral is beautiful with a beautiful bronze baldachin situated over the papal altar. The dome and the ceilings are also given beautiful detailing. Wherever you look, there is something for you to marvel at.


Castel Santangelo

Castel Santangelo

Castel Santangelo

Castel Sant’angelo is a fortress that was built in AD 123 to AD 139 as a mausoleum for Emperor Hadrian. It has since been a papal residence and also a prison. The castle has the National Museum of Castel Sant’Angelo inside it which displays many ancient exhibits like the Renaissance painting, pottery, and the antiques. The terrace of the castle gives a spectacular view of the entire city. It is situated on the banks of the Tiber river and is very close to the Vatican city.